Dodson was founded in the early 19th century by settlers moving west. Dodson was mainly populated by farmers and merchants during the 1800s. In 1837, Dodson was terrorized by a series of murders that weren't solved until 1838.
Dodson is situated on fertile land suitable for farming. It sits along the Missouri River about 30 miles upstream of St. Louis.
The main industry of Dodson is agriculture. The river is used for the majority of the trade conducted
Dodson experiences a humid continental climate. The local geography and absence of large bodies of water mean that the temperature varies significantly over the year being subject to both cold Arctic air and warm humid air from the Gulf of Mexico. The summers are hot and humid, and winter typically sees several blizzard strength storms. Located right in tornado alley, Dodson gets many strong thunderstorms generating tornadoes each year.